早稲田大学教育学部 英語長文問題第二問

2020年度入試

こんにちは。今回は、早稲田大学教育学部の英語長文の解答及び解説をしていきたいと思います。今回は、予備校の解答が出る前に作成しています。よかったら参考にしてみてください。ただし、問題文は読みやすいように一部改変してあります。

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2020年2月19日早稲田大学教育学部の英語第2問

College, for those who can attend,has long been considered the primary place for finding a mate, but the means have changed since the early 1960s, when I was in college. Then, women’s dormitories had what( 12  )parietals, which meant that women had to be in the dorm by a certain hour at night, usually around 10 p.m. on weekdays and midnight on Saturday. You had to sign out, give the name of your date. and (13)specify where you were going. And when you returned, you had to sign in, or an administrative official would go in search of you.

As far as I know, men did not have parietals and had more freedom than women, but their dating behavior was also restricted. Men were expected to call women for dates at least a week in advance. They could not just (14 ), but were permitted to visit the women’s dorm only on certain days and only in the sitting room.

Women could not go away for the weekend without parental permission. The school, (15 ), was acting loco parentis (in place of parents) by taking on the responsibility for their daughters. [ 16 ] the dark ages, it was in the 1960s, just before everything changed. I know because I was expelled from Simmons College in 1961 for staying out beyond the curfew. In the mid-1960s, many colleges abandoned parietals and began to allow men to visit in the dorms and even in the bedrooms.

   We never dreamed that a few decades later, there would be co-ed dorms and even co-ed floors and bathrooms. But this is probably the context in which many of you are living. Clearly, there are ample opportunities for men and women to meet each other. [ 17], co-ed dorm living has had the effect of diminishing romance rather than fostering it. You get to see each other’s habits-messy rooms, wet towels on the floor, hair in rollers, and so on– rather than the public persona. Dorm mates apparently become more like siblings than possible partners; indeed, I have heard the term dormcest to refer to a romantic relationship that (18)springs up between dorm mates. While dorm mates often go out together as friends or in groups, they usually (19)look elsewhere for someone to date.

問題について

問題を一部変えて作成してあります。

「12 ] に適切な言葉をいれよ

1. were called 2. were known 3. were referred to 4. were named by

正解:1「〜と呼ばれた」という意味が適切なので1。

13. 下線部 (13) に言い換えられるものを選びなさい

1. explain 2. insist 3. recognize 4. investigate

1が正解。どこに行くのかを特定するという意味で、一番近いのは「説明する」

14. 空欄[ 14 ] に入る適切な言葉を選びなさい。

1. drop off 2. drop on  3. drop by 4. drop out

3が正解。1と2は「降りる」、3は「立ち寄る」、4は「脱落する」

15. 空欄 [ 15 ]に入る適切な言葉を選びなさい。

1. in other words 2. on the contrary 3. let alone  4. meaning that

正解:1(言い換えると)2は「反対に」、3「言うまでもなく」

16. 空欄 [ 16 ] に入る最も適切なものを選びなさい

1. If this sounds like 2. As if times were 3. No doubt about 4. In case there was

正解は1。文脈的に1が正しい。

17. 空欄 ( 17 )に入る最も適切なものを選びなさい。

1. Naturally 2 Particularly 3. Ironically 4. Extremely

正解は3。男女共用になってお互いに出会う機会は増えたが、ロマンスが減ったとあるので「皮肉にも」が正解。

18. 下線部(18)に置き換えられないものを選びなさい。

1. develops   2. comes into being  3. bounces off  4.emerges

正解:3。3は「跳ね返ってくる」訳は「寮の仲間の間で生まれるロマンテックな関係」で1は「成長する」2は「生まれる」4は「出現する」なので3。

19. 下線部 (19) に置き換えられるものを選びなさい。

  1. looking for mates living in a different room
  2. looking for people not living in one’s dorm
  3. looking at rooms other than the bedroom or bathroom
  4. looking the other way in order to avoid dorm troubles

正解は2。寮は男女のロマンスを探せないので寮に住んでいない人を見つけるという選択肢が正解。

20. Which of the following statements is true about dorm lifein the early 1960s as described in the text?(1960年代初頭の寮について正しいのはどれか)

  1. Women were not allowed to go away over the weekend.
  2. There was a curfew by which women had to be back at the dorm.
  3. Siblings were encouraged to live at the place of their parents.
  4. Men were not allowed to visit women at their dorms.

正解は2(女性は寮に戻らなければならない門限があった)

21. Which of the following statements is true about present-day dorm life as described in the text?(本文中で今日の寮生活について正しいのはどれか?)

  1. Even today, dorms do not normally accommodate both male and female students.
  2. It is now easier for men and women to develop romantic relationships.
  3. Men and women often live together as though they were brother and sister.
  4.  Hygienic conditions in the rooms have gradually been improving.

正解:3。(男女は兄弟のように一緒にすごす)

22. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the author?(著者について正しくないものを選びなさい)

  1. The author is female.
  2. The author disapproves of co-ed dorms.
  3. The author studied in the 1960s.
  4. The author was expelled from college.

正解は2。(筆者は男女共用の寮にはんたいしているわけではないので2)

まとめ

いかがだったでしょうか?結論として昨年に比べて問題の難易度は低下しているよう思えます。

多少難しい単語があるとしても早慶レベルなら十分対応可能でしょう。引き続きがんばってください。

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